People all over the world get diabetes. The numbers vary from place to place and among ethnic groups. The risk of getting diabetes depends on who you are, how you live and where you live.
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but most often develops in childhood or adolescence.
Type 2 diabetes most often affects overweight individuals over 40 years old who have a low level of physical activity.
This suggests that both inherited characteristics and environmental factors play a role in the development of diabetes.
The number of people diagnosed with diabetes has increased over the last 50 years and is continuing to rise.
It is estimated by the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030.
Is diabetes hereditary?
Children born to parents with diabetes have an increased risk of developing diabetes.
Children of fathers with type 1 diabetes have 1 in 17 odds of developing diabetes. Children of mothers with type 1 diabetes have 1 in 25 odds of developing diabetes if the child was born to a mother under 25, and 1 in 100 odds if the child was born after 25.
If one parent has type 2 diabetes diagnosed before age 50 the odds are 1 in 7, and reduced to 1 in 13 if diagnosed after 50.
A number of different environmental factors may play a role in the development of diabetes. Infections and immune system activity are among the factors thought to be involved.
This content is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare professional with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.